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European Journeys


This project documents four journeys made by nineteenth-century psychiatrists of northern Europe in the years of relative peace between the Napoleonic Wars and the Crimean War. These journeys were a small part of the lively intellectual and cultural exchange that gave birth to psychiatry as a branch of modern Western medicine.

In particular, the journeys bear witness to

  • the collegiate character of the emergent psychiatric profession,
  • the growth of interest in the architecture and design of hospital buildings,
  • an increasing sophistication in psychiatric diagnosis and treatment, and
  • a growing discomfort with the confinement, restraint and abuse of patients, resulting in the widespread adoption of policies of moral management and non-restraint in European asylums.

3 other archives and museums of psychiatric history collaborated to European Journeys as one strand of a project entitled “Exploring the European Mind” supported by the Culture 2000 programme of the European Union. The partners were: